1 Improving the productivity of chickens. Farmers have discovered that more domestic chickens peck at objects placed in their environment, the healthier and more productive the chickens seem to be. White string has been found to be a particularly attractive pecking stimulus. In one experiment, 72 chickens were exposed to be a sting stimulus. Instead white sting, blue-colored string was used. The number of pecks each chicken took at the blue string over a specified time interval was recorded. Summary statistics for the 72 chickens were x̅.13 pecks, s= 2.21 pecks (Applied Animal Behavior Science, Oct. 2008). Previous research has shown that μ.5 pecks if chickens are exposed to white string. Conduct a test (at α=.01) to determine if the true mean number of pecks at blue string is less than μ.5 pecks. (a) (8 points) Formulate the null and the alternative hypothesis. (b)(8 points) State and calculate the test statistics from the data. (c) (8 points) Draw a conclusion.